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 Companies Act, 2013 


 

CHAPTER NO.

CHAPTER HEADING

Section - 1

PRELIMINARY

Section - 2 

Definitions

Section - 3

Formation of company

Section - 3A

Members severally liable in certain cases

Section - 4

Memorandum

Section - 5

Articles 

Section - 6

Act to override memorandum, articles, etc

Section - 7

Incorporation of company

Section - 8

Formation of companies with charitable objects, etc

Section - 9

Effect of registration 

Section - 10

Effect of memorandum and articles

Section - 11

Commencement of business, etc

Section - 12

Registered office of company

Section - 13

Alteration of memorandum

Section - 14

Alteration of articles

Section - 15

Alteration of memorandum or articles to be noted in every copy

Section - 16

Rectification of name of company

Section - 17

Copies of memorandum, articles, etc., to be given to members

Section - 18

Conversion of companies already registered

Section - 19

Subsidiary company not to hold shares in its holding company

Section - 20

Service of documents

Section - 21

Authentication of documents, proceedings and contracts

Section - 22

Execution of bills of exchange, etc

Section - 23

Public offer and private placement

Section - 24

Power of Securities and Exchange Board to regulate issue and transfer of securities, etc

Section - 25

Document containing offer of securities for sale to be deemed prospectus

Section - 26

Matters to be stated in prospectus

Section - 27

Variation in terms of contract or objects in prospectus

Section - 28

Offer of sale of shares by certain members of company

Section - 29

Public offer of securities to be in dematerialised form

Section - 30

Advertisement of prospectus

Section - 31

Shelf prospectus

Section - 32

Red herring prospectus

Section - 33

Issue of application forms for securities

Section - 34

Criminal liability for mis-statements in prospectus

Section - 35

Civil liability for mis-statements in prospectus

Section - 36

Punishment for fraudulently inducing persons to invest money

Section - 37

Action by affected persons

Section - 38

Punishment for personation for acquisition, etc., of securities

Section - 39

Allotment of securities by company

Section - 40

Securities to be dealt with in stock exchanges

Section - 41

Global depository receipt

Section - 42

Issue of shares on private placement basis

Section - 43

Kinds of share capital

Section - 44

Nature of shares or debentures 

Section - 45

Numbering of shares

Section - 46

Certificate of shares

Section - 47

Voting rights

Section - 48

Variation of shareholders' rights

Section - 49

Calls on shares of same class to be made on uniform basis

Section - 50

Company to accept unpaid share capital, although not called up

Section - 51

Payment of dividend in proportion to amount paid-up

Section - 52

Application of premiums received on issue of shares

Section - 53

Prohibition on issue of shares at discount

Section - 54

Issue of sweat equity shares

Section - 55

Issue and redemption of preference shares

Section - 56

Transfer and transmission of securities

Section - 57

Punishment for personation of shareholder

Section - 58

Refusal of registration and appeal against refusal 

Section - 59

Rectification of register of members

Section - 60

Publication of authorised, subscribed and paid-up capital

Section - 61

Power of limited company to alter its share capital

Section - 62

Further issue of share capital

Section - 63

Issue of bonus shares

Section - 64

Notice to be given to Registrar for alteration of share capital

Section - 65

Unlimited company to provide for reserve share capital on conversion 

Section - 66

Reduction of share capital

Section - 67

Restrictions on purchase by company or giving of loans by it for purchase of its shares

Section - 68

Power of company to purchase its own securities

Section - 69

Transfer of certain sums to capital redemption reserve account

Section - 70

Prohibition for buy-back in certain circumstances

Section - 71

Debentures

Section - 72

Power to nominate

Section - 73

Prohibition on acceptance of deposits from public

Section - 74

Repayment of deposits, etc., accepted before commencement of this Act

Section - 75

Damages for fraud

Section - 76

Acceptance of deposits from public by certain companies

Section - 76A

Punishment for contravention of section 73 or section 76

Section - 77

Duty to register charges, etc

Section - 78

Application for registration of charge

Section - 79

Section 77 to apply in certain matters

Section - 80

Date of notice of charge

Section - 81

Register of charges to be kept by Registrar

Section - 82

Company to report satisfaction of charge

Section - 83

Power of Registrar to make entries of satisfaction and release in absence of intimation from company

Section - 84

Intimation of appointment of receiver or manager

Section - 85

Company's register of charges

Section - 86

Punishment for contravention

Section - 87

Rectification by Central Government in Register of charges

Section - 88

Register of members, etc

Section - 89

Declaration in respect of beneficial interest in any share

Section - 90

Register of significant beneficial owners in a company

Section - 91

Power to close register of members or debenture-holders or other security holders

Section - 92

Annual return

Section - 93

Return to be filed with Registrar in case promoters' stake changes

Section - 94

Place of keeping and inspection of registers, returns, etc

Section - 95

Registers, etc., to be evidence

Section - 96

Annual general meeting

Section - 97

Power of Tribunal to call annual general meeting

Section - 98

Power of Tribunal to call meetings of members, etc

Section - 99

Punishment for default in complying with provisions of to

Section - 100

Calling of extraordinary general meeting

Section - 101

Notice of meeting

Section - 102

Statement to be annexed to notice

Section - 103

Quorum for meetings

Section - 104

Chairman of meetings

Section - 105

Proxies

Section - 106

Restriction on voting rights

Section - 107

Voting by show of hands

Section - 108

Voting through electronic means

Section - 109

Demand for poll

Section - 110

Postal ballot

Section - 111

Circulation of members' resolution

Section - 112

Representation of President and Governors in meetings

Section - 113

Representation of corporations at meeting of companies and of creditors

Section - 114

Ordinary and special resolutions

Section - 115

Resolutions requiring special notice

Section - 116

Resolutions passed at adjourned meeting

Section - 117

Resolutions and agreements to be filed

Section - 118

Minutes of proceedings of general meeting, meeting of Board of Directors and other meeting

Section - 119

Inspection of minute-books of general meeting

Section - 120

Maintenance and inspection of documents in electronic form

Section - 121

Report on annual general meeting

Section - 122

Applicability of this Chapter to One Person Company

Section - 123

Declaration of dividend

Section - 124

Unpaid Dividend Account

Section - 125

Investor Education and Protection Fund

Section - 126

Right to dividend, rights shares and bonus shares to be held in abeyance pending registration of transfer of shares

Section - 127

Punishment for failure to distribute dividends

Section - 128

Books of account, etc., to be kept by company

Section - 129

Financial statement

Section - 129A

Periodical financial results

Section - 130

Re-opening of accounts on court's or Tribunal's orders

Section - 131

Voluntary revision of financial statements or Board's report

Section - 132

Constitution of National Financial Reporting Authority

Section - 133

Central Government to prescribe accounting standards

Section - 134

Financial statement, Board's report, etc

Section - 135

Corporate Social Responsibility

Section - 136

Right of member to copies of audited financial statement

Section - 137

Copy of financial statement to be filed with Registrar

Section - 138

Internal audit

Section - 139

Appointment of auditors

Section - 140

Removal, resignation of auditor and giving of special notice

Section - 141

Eligibility, qualifications and disqualifications of auditors

Section - 142

Remuneration of auditors

Section - 143

Powers and duties of auditors and auditing standards

Section - 144

Auditor not to render certain services

Section - 145

Auditor to sign audit reports, etc

Section - 146

Auditors to attend general meeting

Section - 147

Punishment for contravention

Section - 148

Central Government to specify audit of items of cost in respect of certain companies

Section - 149

Company to have Board of Directors

Section - 150

Manner of selection of independent directors and maintenance of databank of independent directors

Section - 151

Appointment of director elected by small shareholders

Section - 152

Appointment of directors

Section - 153

Application for allotment of Director Identification Number

Section - 154

Allotment of Director Identification Number

Section - 155

Prohibition to obtain more than one Director Identification Number

Section - 156

Director to intimate Director Identification Number

Section - 157

Company to inform Director Identification Number to Registrar

Section - 158

Obligation to indicate Director Identification Number

Section - 159

Penalty for default of certain provisions

Section - 160

Right of persons other than retiring directors to stand for directorship

Section - 161

Appointment of additional director, alternate director and nominee director

Section - 162

Appointment of directors to be voted individually

Section - 163

Option to adopt principle of proportional representation for appointment of directors

Section - 164

Disqualifications for appointment of director

Section - 165

Number of directorships

Section - 166

Duties of directors

Section - 167

Vacation of office of director

Section - 168

Resignation of director

Section - 169

Removal of directors

Section - 170

Register of directors and key managerial personnel and their shareholding

Section - 171

Members' right to inspect

Section - 172

Penalty

Section - 173

Meetings of Board

Section - 174

Quorum for meetings of Board

Section - 175

Passing of resolution by circulation

Section - 176

Defects in appointment of directors not to invalidate actions taken

Section - 177

Audit Committee

Section - 178

Nomination and Remuneration Committee and Stakeholders Relationship Committee

Section - 179

Powers of Board

Section - 180

Restrictions on powers of Board

Section - 181

Company to contribute to bona fide and charitable funds, etc

Section - 182

Prohibitions and restrictions regarding political contributions

Section - 183

Power of Board and other persons to make contributions to national defence fund, etc.

Section - 184

Disclosure of interest by director

Section - 185

Loans to directors, etc

Section - 186

Loan and investment by company

Section - 187

Investments of company to be held in its own name

Section - 188

Related party transactions 

Section - 189

Register of contracts or arrangements in which directors are interested

Section - 190

Contract of employment with managing or whole-time directors

Section - 191

Payment to director for loss of office, etc., in connection with transfer of undertaking, property or shares

Section - 192

Restriction on non-cash transactions involving directors

Section - 193

Contract by One Person Company

Section - 194

Prohibition on forward dealings in securities of company by director or key managerial personnel

Section - 195

Prohibition on insider trading of securities 

Section - 196

Appointment of managing director, whole-time director or manager

Section - 197

Overall maximum managerial remuneration and managerial remuneration in case of absence or inadequacy of profits

Section - 198

Calculation of profits

Section - 199

Recovery of remuneration in certain cases

Section - 200

Central Government or company to fix limit with regard to remuneration

Section - 201

Forms of, and procedure in relation to, certain applications

Section - 202

Compensation for loss of office of managing or whole-time director or manager

Section - 203

Appointment of key managerial personnel

Section - 204

Secretarial audit for bigger companies

Section - 205

Functions of company secretary

Section - 206

Power to call for information, inspect books and conduct inquiries 

Section - 207

Conduct of inspection and inquiry

Section - 208

Report on inspection made

Section - 209

Search and seizure

Section - 210

Investigation into affairs of company

Section - 211

Establishment of Serious Fraud Investigation Office

Section - 212

Investigation into affairs of Company by Serious Fraud Investigation Office

Section - 213

Investigation into company's affairs in other cases

Section - 214

Security for payment of costs and expenses of investigation

Section - 215

Firm, body corporate or association not to be appointed as inspector

Section - 216

Investigation of ownership of company

Section - 217

Procedure, powers, etc., of inspectors

Section - 218

Protection of employees during investigation

Section - 219

Power of inspector to conduct investigation into affairs of related companies, etc

Section - 220

Seizure of documents by inspector

Section - 221

Freezing of assets of company on inquiry and investigation

Section - 222

Imposition of restrictions upon securities

Section - 223

Inspector's report

Section - 224

Actions to be taken in pursuance of inspector's report

Section - 225

Expenses of investigation

Section - 226

Voluntary winding up of company, etc., not to stop investigation proceedings

Section - 227

Legal advisers and bankers not to disclose certain information

Section - 228

Investigation, etc., of foreign companies

Section - 229

Penalty for furnishing false statement, mutilation, destruction of documents

Section - 230

Power to compromise or make arrangements with creditors and members

Section - 231

Power of Tribunal to enforce compromise or arrangement

Section - 232

Merger and amalgamation of companies

Section - 233

Merger or amalgamation of certain companies

Section - 234

Merger or amalgamation of company with foreign company

Section - 235

Power to acquire shares of shareholders dissenting from scheme or contract approved by majority

Section - 236

Purchase of minority shareholding

Section - 237

Power of Central Government to provide for amalgamation of companies in public interest

Section - 238

Registration of offer of schemes involving transfer of shares

Section - 239

Preservation of books and papers of amalgamated companies

Section - 240

Liability of officers in respect of offences committed prior to merger, amalgamation, etc

Section - 241

Application to Tribunal for relief in cases of oppression, etc

Section - 242

Powers of Tribunal

Section - 243

Consequence of termination or modification of certain agreements 

Section - 244

Right to apply under

Section - 245

Class action

Section - 246

Application of certain provisions to proceedings under or

Section - 247

Valuation by registered valuers

Section - 248

Power of Registrar to remove name of company from register of companies

Section - 249

Restrictions on making application under in certain situations

Section - 250

Effect of company notified as dissolved

Section - 251

Fraudulent application for removal of name

Section - 252

Appeal to Tribunal

Section - 253

Revival and rehabilitation of sick companies

Section - 254

Section-254 to Section-269 [Omitted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

Section - 270

Winding up by Tribunal

Section - 271

Circumstances in which company may be wound up by Tribunal

Section - 272

Petition for winding up

Section - 273

Powers of Tribunal

Section - 274

Directions for filing statement of affairs

Section - 275

Company Liquidators and their appointments

Section - 276

Removal and replacement of liquidator

Section - 277

Intimation to Company Liquidator, provisional liquidator and Registrar

Section - 278

Effect of winding up order

Section - 279

Stay of suits, etc., on winding up order

Section - 280

Jurisdiction of Tribunal

Section - 281

Submission of report by Company Liquidator

Section - 282

Directions of Tribunal on report of Company Liquidator

Section - 283

Custody of company's properties

Section - 284

Promoters, directors, etc., to co-operate with Company Liquidator

Section - 285

Settlement of list of contributories and application of assets

Section - 286

Obligations of directors and managers

Section - 287

Advisory committee

Section - 288

Submission of periodical reports to Tribunal

Section - 289

Power of Tribunal on application for stay of winding up

Section - 290

Powers and duties of Company Liquidator

Section - 291

Provision for professional assistance to Company Liquidator

Section - 292

Exercise and control of Company Liquidator's powers

Section - 293

Books to be kept by Company Liquidator

Section - 294

Audit of Company Liquidator's accounts

Section - 295

Payment of debts by contributory and extent of set-off

Section - 296

Power of Tribunal to make calls

Section - 297

Adjustment of rights of contributories

Section - 298

Power to order costs

Section - 299

Power to summon persons suspected of having property of company, etc

Section - 300

Power to order examination of promoters, directors, etc

Section - 301

Arrest of person trying to leave India or abscond

Section - 302

Dissolution of company by Tribunal

Section - 303

Appeals from orders made before commencement of Act

Section - 304

Section-304 to Section-323 [Omitted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016]

Section - 324

Debts of all descriptions to be admitted to proof

Section - 325

Application of insolvency rules in winding up of insolvent companies

Section - 326

Overriding preferential payments

Section - 327

Preferential payments

Section - 328

Fraudulent preference

Section - 329

Transfers not in good faith to be void

Section - 330

Certain transfers to be void

Section - 331

Liabilities and rights of certain persons fraudulently preferred

Section - 332

Effect of floating charge

Section - 333

Disclaimer of onerous property

Section - 334

Transfer, etc., after commencement of winding up to be void

Section - 335

Certain attachments, executions, etc., in winding up by Tribunal to be void

Section - 336

Offences by officers of companies in liquidation

Section - 337

Penalty for frauds by officers

Section - 338

Liability where proper accounts not kept

Section - 339

Liability for fraudulent conduct of business

Section - 340

Power of Tribunal to assess damages against delinquent directors, etc

Section - 341

Liability under and to extend to partners or directors in firms or companies

Section - 342

Prosecution of delinquent officers and members of company

Section - 343

Company Liquidator to exercise certain powers subject to sanction

Section - 344

Statement that company is in liquidation

Section - 345

Books and papers of company to be evidence

Section - 346

Inspection of books and papers by creditors and contributories

Section - 347

Disposal of books and papers of company

Section - 348

Information as to pending liquidations

Section - 349

Official Liquidator to make payments into public account of India

Section - 350

Company Liquidator to deposit monies into scheduled bank

Section - 351

Liquidator not to deposit monies into private banking account

Section - 352

Company Liquidation Dividend and Undistributed Assets Account

Section - 353

Liquidator to make returns, etc

Section - 354

Meetings to ascertain wishes of creditors or contributories

Section - 355

Court, Tribunal or person, etc., before whom affidavit may be sworn

Section - 356

Powers of Tribunal to declare dissolution of company void

Section - 357

Commencement of winding up by Tribunal

Section - 358

Exclusion of certain time in computing period of limitation

Section - 359

Appointment of Official Liquidator

Section - 360

Powers and functions of Official Liquidator

Section - 361

Summary procedure for liquidation

Section - 362

Sale of assets and recovery of debts due to company

Section - 363

Settlement of claims of creditors by Official Liquidator

Section - 364

Appeal by creditor

Section - 365

Order of dissolution of company

Section - 366

Companies capable of being registered

Section - 367

 

Section - 368

 

Section - 369

 

Section - 370

 

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